In Luke 21, Jesus gives an prophecy of staggering events that revolve around Jerusalem and His second coming. In the middle of His prophecy, He says that this period of time will be the “days of vengeance” which will fulfill all that is written. It’s important to understand what the prophets said about the “days of vengeance” and the role they play in the fulfillment of prophecy.
In Matthew 25, Jesus bases His judgment of the nations on how they have responded to “My Brethren.” Given that His brethren become central to the judgment, it is important that we understand Jesus’ judgment and recognize that Jesus was affirming previous prophecies of the day of God’s judgment of the nations.
In Luke 21 Jesus predicts that Jerusalem will be trampled by the gentiles until the “times of the gentiles” are fulfilled. This has let to quite a bit of speculation about when this period of time begins and end and the question, “Does the existence of the modern state of Israel indicates that the times of the gentiles have come to an end?” To answer that question, we must look at the phrase in its context.