The outpouring of the Holy Spirit is far more than the beginning of the church. It represented a commitment by God to fulfill His promises to Israel and also gives us clues to how God is going to fulfill those promises. In the outpouring of the Spirit, God did not shift His plan from Israel to the nations, He invited the nations to participate in Israel’s story.
In John 16, Jesus predicts the work of the Holy Spirit in the church. Interestingly, Jesus describes the work of the Holy Spirit very differently from the way we usually think of His work. We tend to think primarily of His gifts, but Jesus emphasizes something else – the revelation of the things to come.
Paul frequently quoted Old Testament passages in a way that reveals his understanding of Old Testament passages and how they relate to his mission of carrying the gospel to the gentiles. Paul’s reference to Isaiah 28 in 1 Corinthians 14 helps us understand exactly how the apostles understood Isaiah 28.
“For what great nation is there that has a god so near to it as the LORD our God is to us, whenever we call upon him? – Deuteronomy 4:7 (ESV) This phrase “a god so near” should cause us all to fall down in worship before the God who